Theme 2: Behavior change: Exercise and rehabilitation
Developing improved support for those with back pain and other long-term painful conditions.
People's behaviour plays an important role in their health and well-being.
For example, smoking, poor diet and lack of exercise are all well-known to negatively affect people's health. And to create a burden on health care services.
People's habits and behaviours can be difficult to change, even when people want to change them. Behaviour is part of, and influenced by, people’s beliefs and social and material circumstances.
For example, people who want to quit smoking may be less likely to be successful if a large part of their social circle smokes.
Yet, there is good – and growing – evidence that people can be helped. Changing their habits and behaviours for the better, to improve their health and well-being.
This theme develops and evaluates new types of treatments or services (interventions) using the findings gleaned from clinical trials. Translating them into real-world services that help people improve their health-related behaviours.
The theme focuses on the use of exercise and physical activity-based interventions, for, among others:
- people with long-term back pain;
- other long-term painful conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis;
- chronic neurological conditions and dementia; and
- people with mental and physical disabilities who have been referred for exercise from primary care.
The theme also aims to understand how exercise and physical activity advice can be effectively used and combined with other interventions, such as for stopping smoking or improving diet.
The theme takes a multi-methods approach, including systematic reviewing, randomised controlled trials, observational work and qualitative research.
Professor Sallie Lamb, Kadoorie Professor of Trauma Rehabilitation, University of Oxford, leads this theme.