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OBJECTIVES: The authors compare two generic measures of health status with disease-specific measures in a randomized controlled trial of transurethral resection of the prostate with laser vaporization prostatectomy for benign prostatic hypertrophy. METHODS: Patients entered into the trial completed the following questionnaires prior to treatment and at follow-up at 3 months and 1 year. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) is a generic measure that produces an eight-dimension profile as well as two summary measures of health status (the physical component score and the mental component score). The EuroQol provides two single index measures of health status; one intended to convey the utility (or lack of) that an individual derives from his or her own health state compared with alternative states and a second simple visual analog scale "thermometer" of health status. The American Urological Association symptom score and the Bothersome index are disease-specific indices of health status for use specifically with benign prostatic hypertrophy patients. RESULTS: The EuroQol indicates no statistically significant improvements with time for either arm of the trial. The SF-36 physical and general health perceptions domains indicates statistically significant improvements for the transurethral resection of the prostate arm alone at 3 months and 1 year, as do the physical summary score at the 3-month follow-up visit. The effect sizes of these improvements, however, are small, using standard criteria. In contrast, statistically significant differences are found with time for both transurethral resection of the prostate and laser prostatectomy on both disease-specific measures, which also indicate statistically significant superior outcome for the transurethral resection of the prostate arm compared with the laser arm. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the disease-specific measures are more sensitive to change than the generic measures of outcome. Possible explanations for this are discussed.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Med Care

Publication Date

11/1997

Volume

35

Pages

1109 - 1118

Keywords

Follow-Up Studies, Health Services Research, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Laser Therapy, Male, Prostatectomy, Prostatic Hyperplasia, Quality-Adjusted Life Years, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Treatment Outcome