Telemedicine-supported insulin optimisation in primary care.
Larsen ME., Turner J., Farmer A., Neil A., Tarassenko L.
We investigated the feasibility of a mobile-phone based system for patients with type 2 diabetes who had recently commenced insulin therapy but remained poorly controlled. The system was evaluated in a feasibility study in a general practice setting with 23 patients over six months. A total of 22 patients successfully completed the study and used the system for a mean of 217 days (range 162-376). Blood glucose control improved, as reflected by a mean decrease in HbA(1c) of 0.66% (P = 0.05), with the mean insulin dose increasing by 17 units (P = 0.006). Blood glucose monitoring compliance was high, with readings available for 6.2 days per week, although use of the mobile phone decreased during the study. On average, the mobile phone diary was used for 3.5 days per week. Insulin dose adjustments were made throughout the study by all patients, but not as frequently as would be expected for the degree of hyperglycaemia observed.