AIMS: The Venous External Support Trial (VEST) evaluated whether a novel external stent attenuated saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease assessed with intravascular ultrasound 1 year following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This sub-study assessed SVGs with and without external stenting using optical coherence tomography (OCT). The aim of this study was to accurately compare quantitative and qualitative features of SVGs with and without a novel external stent using OCT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four of 30 patients (65 ± 8 years) enrolled in VEST underwent coronary angiography with OCT imaging using a non-occlusive technique. Quantitative analysis of lumen area was performed in one frame every 10 mm along the length of the graft, from distal to proximal anastomosis, and pathological features within the lumen were noted. Mean cross-sectional area was greater in unstented vs. stented grafts (8.4 ± 3 vs. 7.6 ± 2.7 mm; P = 0.005). The lumen of the stented grafts was more homogeneous (difference between maximum and minimum lumen diameter was significantly smaller in stented compared with unstented grafts, 0.28 ± 0.19 vs. 0.33 ± 0.23 mm, respectively, P = 0.006), and more circular (mean eccentricity index 0.08 ± 0.06 vs. 0.10 ± 0.06, stented vs. unstented; P = 0.019). Adherent thrombus was identified in three grafts (all unstented). CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight the early changes occurring in SVGs after implantation of aorto-coronary bypass conduits, changes that may accelerate vein graft failure. External stenting resulted in a more homogeneous and less eccentric lumen with no thrombus formation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/ehjci/jev310

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging

Publication Date

11/2016

Volume

17

Pages

1290 - 1295

Keywords

bypass, imaging, stents, surgery, veins, Aged, Combined Modality Therapy, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Stenosis, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Graft Rejection, Graft Survival, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Saphenous Vein, Severity of Illness Index, Stents, Tomography, Optical Coherence, Treatment Outcome