Cell culture studies have implicated the oxygen-sensitive hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase PHD3 in the regulation of neuronal apoptosis. To better understand this function in vivo, we have created PHD3(-/-) mice and analyzed the neuronal phenotype. Reduced apoptosis in superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons cultured from PHD3(-/-) mice is associated with an increase in the number of cells in the SCG, as well as in the adrenal medulla and carotid body. Genetic analysis by intercrossing PHD3(-/-) mice with HIF-1a(+/-) and HIF-2a(+/-) mice demonstrated an interaction with HIF-2alpha but not HIF-1alpha, supporting the nonredundant involvement of a PHD3-HIF-2alpha pathway in the regulation of sympathoadrenal development. Despite the increased number of cells, the sympathoadrenal system appeared hypofunctional in PHD3(-/-) mice, with reduced target tissue innervation, adrenal medullary secretory capacity, sympathoadrenal responses, and systemic blood pressure. These observations suggest that the role of PHD3 in sympathoadrenal development extends beyond simple control of cell survival and organ mass, with functional PHD3 being required for proper anatomical and physiological integrity of the system. Perturbation of this interface between developmental and adaptive signaling by hypoxic, metabolic, or other stresses could have important effects on key sympathoadrenal functions, such as blood pressure regulation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1128/MCB.02041-07

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Cell Biol

Publication Date

05/2008

Volume

28

Pages

3386 - 3400

Keywords

Adaptation, Physiological, Adrenal Glands, Animals, Apoptosis, Base Sequence, Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors, DNA Primers, Female, Gene Targeting, Hypotension, Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit, Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Pregnancy, Procollagen-Proline Dioxygenase, Superior Cervical Ganglion, Sympathetic Nervous System