OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of high-resolution MRI to determine composition and microanatomy of atherosclerosis in mouse aortic root and brachiocephalic artery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aortic root and brachiocephalic arteries of apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE-/-) mice fed Western diet for 10, 20, or 30 weeks were imaged ex vivo (11.7 T; 3D multiecho sequence; resolution 47x47x62.5 microm). Using semiautomated histogram-based methods, MRI accurately quantified lipid-rich/necrotic areas in the aortic root (r2=0.84; P<0.001) and brachiocephalic artery (r2=0.90; P<0.001) compared with histology. Similarly, cell-rich caps in aortic roots, quantified by MRI and histology, correlated closely (r2=0.74; P<0.001). Reconstruction of segmented brachiocephalic arteries in 3D provided unique insights into plaque microanatomy and enabled volumetric quantification of plaque and lipid-rich/necrotic core. Between 10 and 30 weeks, 3D measurement identified an 11.6-fold increase in plaque volume (versus 4.1-fold for 2D) and a 21.3-fold increase in plaque lipid-rich/necrotic core volume (versus 6.4-fold for 2D), indicating superior power of 3D quantification. CONCLUSIONS: Ex-vivo high-resolution 3D MRI accurately quantified lipid-rich/necrotic core and cell-rich cap areas in atherosclerotic lesions in apoE-/- mice. Reconstruction and volumetric quantification of segmented brachiocephalic arteries demonstrated greater sensitivity in detecting changes in plaque size and lipid composition over time than 2D analysis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1161/01.ATV.0000146811.19029.fb

Type

Journal article

Journal

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol

Publication Date

12/2004

Volume

24

Pages

2384 - 2390

Keywords

Animals, Aorta, Apolipoproteins E, Arteriosclerosis, Brachiocephalic Trunk, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Lipid Metabolism, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Necrosis, Reproducibility of Results